Grace Carpenter Hudson
Grace Carpenter Hudson was born in 1865 to well-educated pioneer parents in Potter Valley, California. Growing up in rural Mendocino County, Grace Carpenter Hudson discovered an interest in the Pomo Native Americans and showed early talent for drawings related to the tribe. In the early 1880s, her artistic ability was further developed by professional training at the San Francisco School of Design, where she excelled in portraiture.
In 1890, she married John Hudson, a physician for the San Francisco and North Pacific Railroad, which had its terminus in her town. Her 1891 portrait of a sleeping Pomo baby, entitled "National Thorn," was the first in her series of numbered oil paintings that grew to over 680 works by the time of her death in 1937. In her lifetime, Hudson achieved a national reputation as a painter of Native Americans. Today her work enjoys renewed interest and recognition for its fine and sympathetic portrayals of native peoples.