The nineteenth century was a time of great change and progress for American women. Women made advancements in legal status, entrance into higher education and professions, and roles in public life. The first women’s colleges were opened and the first women’s rights conventions held. Women were able to legally practice medicine and law while still being denied the status of legal citizenship. This century saw the formation of the Women’s Suffrage Movement, a catalyzing agent for all the change to come in the next century.